Born as a native of Beijing, Mr. Pu was a member
of the Manchu imperial family. Following the overthrow of the Manchu Ching
dynasty, he changed his name to Pu Ju, style Hsin-yu. He spent seven years
at the Chien Tai monastery on Mt. Hsi, and took the studio name Hsi-shan
I-shih or "Retired official of Mt. Hsi."
Pu Ru, also known as Pu Xing-yu, was a member of the Ching Dynasty royal
family as a cousin of the Xuantong Emperor, Pu Yi. Educated in the Chinese
classics and learned traditional styles of painting and calligraphy. Highly
accomplished as a copyist of paintings from the Song and Yuan (1279-1368)
dynasties. He was an outstanding painter, poet and essayist with a thorough
knowledge of the classics and antiques.
calligraphy, painting technique derived from Tang (618- 906
A.D.) and Sung (960-1279 A.D.) Dynasties.
Tang and Sung Dynasty painting, considered pinnacles of
Chinese art, were skills that had been lost over the centuries.
Characteristics of Tang and Sung Dynasty painting
include: a precision and sophistication of brushwork; perfection
of line technique; a concentration on people, religious figures
and horses; and the use of landscape.
Pu Ru had students including
An Ho and Wu Tung. Both students later became renowned Chinese traditional
painting masters and continue to bring glamour to the art of classic brush